روش تهیه، مکانیسم رشد و کاربرد نانولوله های تیتانیا/تیتاناتی

نوع مقاله: مروری

نویسنده

تهران، پژوهشگاه صنعت نفت

چکیده

نانولوله روش‌های تهیه نانولوله‌ تیتانیا/ تیتاناتی به دو گروه "با استفاده از الگو" و "بدون استفاده از الگو" دسته بندی می شوند. در تهیه نانولوله‌های تیتانیا/ تیتاناتی می توان از الگوی نوع مثبت یا منفی (شامل ژل کننده‌های آلی، غشاهای  نانومتخلخل آلومینایی،  نانولوله‌های کربنی، فعال کننده سطحی) به‌منظور دستیابی به شکل نانولوله به عنوان شابلون، قطرهای بزرگ (nm50>) را تهیه کرد. روش‌های بدون استفاده از الگو شامل رشد نانولوله‌ها بر ذره های کلوئیدی، فرایند هیدروترمال قلیایی و آندکاری تیتانیم در حمام‌های دارای فلورید است. کلید توسعه و بهره‌برداری مواد جدید نانوساختار در افزایش درک چگونگی اثر شرایط تهیه بر روی ویژگی های مواد نانوساختار به منظور تهیه مواد مناسب برای کاربردهای ویژه است. در این راستا شناخت مکانیسم تشکیل نانوساختار از اهمیت ویژه‌ای برخوردار است. در این مقاله روش‌های تهیه، بررسی ریزساختاری این نانولوله‌ها و مکانیسم تشکیل و رشد آن ها و برتری ها و عیبهای هر یک از روش‌ها که توسط پژوهشگران گزارش شده، بیان می‌شود. افزایش چشمگیر سطح ویژه و حجم حفره بهدست آمده بهد لیل مورفولوژی نانولوله است که منجر به افزایش پتانسیل کاربردی این مواد در زمینه‌های گوناگون تبدیل و ذخیره سازی انرژی، کاتالیست‌ها، الکتروکاتالیست‌ها، کاتالیست‌های نوری، مواد مغناطیسی، رهاسازی دارو ، کاربردهای زیستی، کامپوزیت‌ها، تکمیل سطح، پوشش‌های تریبولوژیکی و ... می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


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