عامل‌های مؤثر در سنتز نانوذره های نقره به روش احیای شیمیایی برای کاربرد در قطعه های الکترونیکی چاپی

نوع مقاله: مروری

نویسندگان

دانشکده مهندسی پلیمر و رنگ، دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر، تهران، ایران

چکیده

قطعه­ های الکترونیکی چاپی نسل جدیدی از قطعه ­های الکترونیکی می ­باشند که دارای ویژگی­ هایی مانند هزینه پایین تولید، دوام بالا، روش ­های تولید دوست دار محیط ­زیست، زیست­تخریب­پذیر بودن، مصرف انرژی پایین­تر و بازده تولید بالاتر هستند. جزء اصلی در این قطعه ­ها، جوهر رسانا است که در آن به طور عموم از نانوذره­های نقره به عنوان ماده رسانا، به­دلیل مقاومت الکتریکی پایین (رسانایی بالا) و مقاوم بودن در برابر اکسیدشدن در هوا استفاده می­ شود. روش­ های متنوعی برای سنتز نانوذره  ­های نقره ارایه شده که هر کدام از این روش­ها برتری­ ها و کاستی­های خاص خود را دارند. در میان این روش ­ها، روش احیای شیمیایی به سبب سادگی روش تولید و هم­چنین توانایی کنترل شکل و اندازه ­ی نانوذره ­ها با تغییر عامل­ های مؤثر در واکنش، یکی از متداول­ ترین روش­ های تهیه نانوذره ­های نقره است. در این روش، نانوذره ­ها توسط احیای نقره نیترات با استفاده از احیاکننده ایجاد شده و به ­منظور جلوگیری از تجمع نانوذره ­ها از پایدارکننده نیز استفاده می­ شود. در طول فرایند احیا، احیاکننده الکترون به یون نقره (Ag+) داده و آن ­را به نقره فلزی (Ag0) تبدیل می ­کند. در این روش پارامترهای زیادی روی اندازه و شکل نانوذره ­ها دخالت دادند هستند که از جمله آن­ها می­ت وان به دما، زمان واکنش، نوع و مقدار احیاکننده و pH  اشاره نمود. در این پژوهش، پارامترهای مؤثر در سنتز نانوذره­ های نقره به روش احیای شیمیایی مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است و در قسمت پایانی مقاله، مروری بر تهیه جوهر رسانا دارای نانوذره­ های نقره برای کاربرد در قطعه­ های الکترونیکی چاپی انجام می­ گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


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