مروری بر پلیمرشدن و تولید پلیمرهای سبز در محیط کربن دی اکسید فوق بحرانی

نوع مقاله: مروری

نویسندگان

گروه مهندسی شیمی، دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران.

چکیده

در دهه های اخیر جهت گیری دانش ­های گوناگون، به سمت روش­ هایی با آلایندگی کم­تر، کاهش اثرهای محیط زیستی و کاهش دورریز است. در این راستا، تولید پلیمرها با کربن دی اکسید فوق بحرانی به شکل محیط واسطه (حلال و ضد حلال)، می تواند مشکل ­های یاد شده را برطرف کرده ، و جایگزینی مناسب برای حلال­های رایج باشد. در این مقاله، فرایندهای مختلف پلیمرشدن همگن، ناهمگن و پلیمرهایی تولیدشده در محیط کربن دی اکسید فوق بحرانی، مورد بحث قرار گرفته است. همچنین، پلیمرشدن امولسیونی آب و کربن دی اکسید فوق بحرانی برای کاربردهای پزشکی، و نیز پلیمرهای متخلخل مورد استفاده در رهایش دارو، بررسی شده است. در ادامه، به ­طور اجمالی تثبیت کننده ها و امولسیفایرهای مورد استفاده نیز طبقه بندی شده اند. مرور پژوهش ­های انجامشده، بیانگر رشد فزاینده و گسترش روز افزون به­کارگیری فناوری کربن دی اکسید فوق بحرانی، در فرایندهای سبز و توسعه پایداراست.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


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