Experimental Study of the Effect of Iron Oxide and Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles on the Carbon Dioxide Hydrate Formation

Document Type : Research Article


Department of Chemical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, I.R. IRAN


The hydrate formation has been investigated due to its application in recent years. Researchers study applications of hydrate such as gas storage, transportation, and gas mixture sequestration. Several studies have been carried out for clathrate hydrate formation due to their unique applications. In this work, the effects of zinc oxide and ferric oxide Nanoparticles on hydrate formation conditions were investigated. It has been shown that Nanoparticle has a promotion effect on hydrate formation conditions so kinetic and induction time are changed in the presence of these Nanoparticles. In the present study, the new data of carbon dioxide hydrate formation conditions were obtained in the presence of ferric oxide and zinc oxide Nanoparticles. The gas consumption versus time in the hydrate formation process in the presence of ferric oxide and zinc oxide are calculated and compared with those values are obtained by pure water. The results showed that the presence of these Nanofluids in carbon dioxide hydrates led to enhance the storage capacity by about ten percent in some cases and cause the intensification of the hydrate formation rate. Moreover, in the presence of these Nanofluids, at injection gas pressure of thirty-seven bar, the time of termination of hydrate formation decreases about ten times in compared with pure water at the same conditions; However, at twenty-eight bars, this time reduction is about twenty-two percent concerning pure water.


Main Subjects

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