Functionalized Nano-Zeolite-NaY with –SO3H and Ca: Fabrication and its Catalytic Performance in the Four-Component Synthesis of Benzimidazolopyrimido Pyrimidines

Document Type : Research Article


Department of Chemistry, Payame Noor University, Tehran, I.R. IRAN


In this study, solid zeolosulfuric acid (SO3H@zeolite-Y) was first obtained by the reaction of zeolite-NaY with chlorosulfonic acid. Ca2+ ions were then stabilized on the surface of zeolosulfuric acid by metal exchange method (Ca/SO3H@zeolite-Y). The structure and morphology of this new bi-functionalized nanoporous was investigated and identified using
FT-IR, FESEM, EDX and BET instrumental analyses. In the following, its catalytic activity in the synthesis of benzimidazo[2,1-a]pyrimido[5,4-d]pyrimidines through the four-component reaction of 2-amino benzimidazole, cyanoacetamide and two moles of different aromatic aldehydes under green conditions was considered. One of the obvious advantages of this nanocatalyst is the presence of Lewis (Ca2+) and Brunsted acid (-SO3H) sites on a nanoporous solid substrate, which can be very useful and important in multi-component syntheses. Simplicity of the procedure, the ability to recycle the catalyst and easy separation of the product, high yield and mild conditions are other advantages of this method.


Main Subjects

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