ویژگی‌ها و پارامترهای موردنیاز سیال مگنتورئولوژیک برای استفاده در دمپر هوشمند سامانه تعلیق خودرو

نوع مقاله : مروری

نویسندگان

دانشکده مهندسی شیمی، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

صنعت به قابلیت‌های سیا­ل­ های مگنتورئولوژیک نیاز بسیاری دارد. در بیش­تر سامانه‌هایی‌ که نیاز به کنترل حرکت به کمک تغییر گرانروی وجود داشته باشد، راه‌حلی بر مبنای فناوری مگنتورئولوژی، منجر به بهبود عملکرد و کاهش هزینه می‌شود. ویژگی­ های یگانه ­ای مانند پاسخ سریع، رابطه سادۀ توان الکتریکی ورودی و توان مکانیکی خروجی، کنترل‌پذیری، سادگی و هوشمندی عملکرد، این سیال­ ها را به فناوری دلخواه در سامانه تعلیق خودرو تبدیل کرده است. سیال مگنتورئولوژیک مناسب برای کاربرد در سامانه تعلیق خودرو باید ویژگی‌هایی ازجمله گرانروی پایین در نبود میدان مغناطیسی، ویژگی­ های رئولوژیکی مناسب، سرعت پاسخ‌دهی بسیار سریع در حد چند میلی‌ثانیه، پایداری مناسب در برابر تغییرهای دمایی و ته‌نشینی و نداشتن سایندگی تجهیزها را دارا باشد. همچنین یکی از مهم‌ترین مشخصه‌های یک سیال مگنتورئولوژیک مناسب برای کاربرد در دمپر هوشمند، پایداری در چرخه‌های متوالی کارکرد می‌باشد. یکی از بزرگ‌ترین مشکل­ های سیال ­های مگنتورئولوژیک صنعتی این است که در چرخه‌های متوالی کارکرد، بخشی از ذره­ های مغناطیس‌پذیر و نیزلایه اکسید تشکیل‌شده بر روی ذره­ ها، ته‌نشین شده و تشکیل یک کیک سخت می‌دهند که کارآمدی سیال را به‌شدت کاهش می‌دهد. با انتخاب مناسب مواد سازنده و روش تولید بهینه می‌توان تا حد زیادی به پایداری ویژگی­های سیال در چرخه‌های متوالی کارکرد دست‌یافت. برای کاربردهای صنعتی سیال ­های مگنتورئولوژیک باید مواد سازنده و چگونگی تولید سیال مگنتورئولوژیک به‌گونه‌ای انتخاب شود که پارامترهای یادشده در نمونه پایانی به‌خوبی تنظیم‌شده باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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