Experimental Investigation of Mass Transfer Mechanisms and Response Surface Method (RSM) Model of CO2 Absorption by Water-Aluminum Hydroxide Nanofluid

Document Type : Research Article


Process Simulation and Control Research Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, I.R. IRAN


According to the greenhouse gas emission and the importance of CO2 capture as one of the most important greenhouse gases with extreme emission, nanofluids have been suggested and studied as fluids with higher mass transfer coefficients in order to enhance gas absorption. In this study, water-Al(OH)3 nanofluid which is made by dispersing hydrophilic nanoparticles capable of enhancing nanofluids stability are used and investigated by enhancing the nanoparticles' solid loading. This enhancement increases and decreases mass transfer which is assumed to be a reason for Brownian motion, Shuttle effect, and hydrodynamic effect as enhancers and viscous effects as the reducer. Selecting the optimum values by considering nanoparticles solid loadings effect on enhancement’s case study, pressure, mixing index and solid loading’s effects have been studied in detail and results represent the negative effect of pressure and enhancing and then reducing the effect of mixing index and solid loading on absorption as the maximum enhancement factor reaches the 39.012 value.


Main Subjects

[1] Naeem S., Ghaemi A., Shahhosseini S., Experimental Investigation of CO2 Capture Using Sodium Hydroxide Particles in a Fluidized Bed, Korean J. Chem. Eng., 33:1278-1285 (2016).
[2] Karbalaei Mohammad N., Ghaemi A., Tahvildari K., Hydroxide Modified Activated Alumina as an Adsorbent for CO2 Adsorption: Experimental and Modeling, Int. J. Greenhouse Gas Control, 88: 24-37 (2019).
[3] نیوشا کربلایی محمدی، احد قائمی، مقایسه عملکرد جاذب­های اصلاح شده کربن فعال و آلومینا با محلول­های هیروکسیدی برای افزایش شدت جذب کربن‌دی‌اکسید، نشریه شیمی و مهندسی شیمی ایران، (2)40: 89 تا 96 (1400).
[4] فاطمه فشی، احد قائمی، پیمان مرادی، مقایسه عملکرد جاذب­های زئولیت و آلومینا با محلول پپیرازین برای افزایش شدت جذب کربن‌دی‌اکسید، نشریه شیمی و مهندسی شیمی ایران، (2)39: 99 تا 110 (1399).
[5] زهرا رستگار، احد قائمی، منصور شیروانی، مطالعه تجربی کربن دی اکسید با استفاده از محلول آبی پتاسیم هیدروکسید، نشریه شیمی و مهندسی شیمی ایران، (1)40: 115تا 126 (1400).
[6] مرضیه مهدی زاده، احد قائمی، مدل‌سازی و شبیه‌سازی ستون بسترثابت جذب واکنش‌دار کربن‌دی‌اکسید توسط پلی‌اسپارتامید، نشریه شیمی و مهندسی شیمی ایران، (4)38 : صفحه 189 تا 198 (1398).
[7] Pashaei H., Ghaemi A., Nasiri M., Experimental Investigation of CO2 Removal Using Piperazine Solution in a Stirrer Bubble Column. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 63: 226-240, (2017).
[8]Taheri F.S., Ghaemi A., Maleki A., Shahhosseini S., High CO2 Adsorption on Amine-Functionalized Improved Mesoporous Silica Nanotube as an Eco-Friendly Nanocomposite, Energy and Fuels, 33: 5384-5397 (2019).
[9] Karbalaei Mohammad N., Ghaemi A., Tahvildari K., Mehrdad Sharif A.A., Experimental Investigation and Modeling of CO2 Adsorption Using Modified Activated Carbon, Iran.J. Chem. Chem. Eng. (IJCCE), 39(1): 177-192 (2020).
[10] حمید رمضانی­ پورپنجاه، احد قائمی، حسین قنادزاده گیلانی، مطالعه تجربی و بهینه­سازی جذب سطحی کربن دی توسط جاذب پلیمری میکرو متخلخل، نشریه شیمی و مهندسی شیمی ایران، 40(2): 95 تا 104 (1400).
 [11] Norouzbahari S., Shahhosseini S., Ghaemi A., Chemical Absorption of CO2 into an Aqueous Piperazine (PZ) Solution: Development and Validation of a Rigorous Dynamic Rate-Based Model, RSC Advances, 6: 40017-40032 (2016).
[14] Kim W.-G., Kang H. U., Jung K.-M., Kim S.H. Synthesis of Silica Nanofluid and Application to CO2 Absorption. Sep. Sci. Technol. 43: 3036-3055 (2008).
[16] Samadi Z., Haghshenasfard M., Moheb A., CO2 Absorption Using Nanofluids in a Wetted-Wall Column with External Magnetic Field. Chem. Eng. Technol. 37: 462-470 (2014).
[18] Kim J.H., Jung C. W., Kang, Y.T., Mass Transfer Enhancement During CO2 Absorption Process in Methanol/Al2O3 Nanofluids. Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 76: 484-491 (2014).
[19] Karimi Darvanjooghi M.H., Pahlevaninezhad M., Abdollahi A., Davoodi S.M., Investigation of the Effect of Magnetic Field on Mass Transfer Parameters of CO2 Absorption Using Fe3 O4 -Water Nanofluid. AIChE J. doi:10.1002/aic.15571, (2016).
[20] Wang, T. et al. Enhanced CO2 Absorption and Desorption by Monoethanolamine (MEA)-Based Nanoparticle Suspensions. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 55: 7830-7838 (2016).
[21] Rahmatmand B., Keshavarz P., Ayatollahi S. Study of Absorption Enhancement of CO2 by SiO2, Al2O 3, CNT, and Fe3O4 Nanoparticles in Water and Amine Solutions. J. Chem. Eng. Data 61: 1378–1387 (2016).
[22] Nabipour M., Keshavarz P., Raeissi S., Experimental Investigation on CO2 Absorption in Sulfinol-M Based Fe3O4 and MWCNT Nanofluids. Int. J. Refrig. 73: (2016).
[23] Lu S., Song J., Li Y., Xing M., He Q., Improvement of CO2 Absorption Using AL2O3 Nanofluids in a Stirred Thermostatic Reactor. Can. J. Chem. Eng. 93: 935-941 (2015).
[24] Jorge L., Coulombe S., Girard-Lauriault P.-L., Nanofluids Containing MWCNTs Coated with Nitrogen-Rich Plasma Polymer Films for CO2 Absorption in Aqueous Medium. Plasma Process. Polym. 12: n/a-n/a (2015).
[25] Lu S., Zhao Y., Song J., Li Y., Experimental Studies of CO2 Absorption Enhancement in Water-Based Nanofluids of Carbon Nanotubes. Brazilian J. Chem. Eng. 34: 597-606 (2017).
[26] Farzani Tolesorkhi, S., Esmaeilzadeh, F. & Riazi, M. Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of CO2 Mass Transfer Enhancement of Silica Nanoparticles in Water. Pet. Res. 3: 370-380 (2018).
[27] Li S., Ding Y., Du K., Zhang X., Measurement of Thermophysical Properties of TiO2-MDEA-H2O Nanofluids. Jiangsu Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban)/Journal Jiangsu Univ. (Natural Sci. Ed(. 34: (2013).
[28] Bardool, R., Bakhtyari A., Esmaeilzadeh F., Wang X., Nanofluid Viscosity Modeling Based on the Friction Theory. J. Mol. Liq. 286: 110923 (2019).
[29] Zhang N., Zhang X., Pan Z., Zhang Z., A Brief Review of Enhanced Co2 Absorption by Nanoparticles. Int. J. Energy and Clean Environ. 19: 201-215 (2018).
[30] Saeidi M., Ghaemi A., Tahvildari K., Mehrdad Sharif A.A., Exploiting Response Surface Methodology (RSM) as a Novel Approach for the Optimization of Carbon Dioxide Adsorption by Dry Sodium Hydroxide. J. Chinese Chem. Soc., 1-11(2018).